What is the difference between Catholic dogma and doctrine?

What is the difference between Catholic dogma and doctrine?

Image result for images of doctrines and dogma
Pope Benedict XV1 dealing with Dogma and Doctrines

Glory To Jesus; Honour to Mary and Joseph!!!

The meaning of Dogma?

It is define as when the Church authority proposes truths contained in divine Revelation or having a necessary connection with them, in a form obliging the Christian people to an irrevocable adherence of faith.

Dogmas are lights along the path of faith; they illuminate it and make it secure. Conversely, if our life is upright, our intellect and heart will be open to welcome the light shed by the dogmas of faith.

What are Doctrines

A doctrine is a teaching of the universal Church proposed as necessary for belief by the faithful. The term “doctrine” can be used generally to refer to all of the Church’s teachings. In addition, we can say that dogma is a subset of doctrine. All dogmas are doctrines, but not all doctrines are dogmas

Differences between Dogma and Doctrines

In  differentiating doctrines from dogma,

  •  “Doctrine” to signify teachings that are either definitively proposed or those that are proposed as true, but not in a definitive manner

For Catholics, there is an important difference between

  • the teachings that we must believe, which are infallible and unchangeable (doctrine), and
  • the rules that we must obey but which are changeable (disciplines).
  • Finally, there are areas where we are free to believe or not believe without offending against faith (theological opinions)
  • The Church’s doctrines make up the deposit of faith and a Catholic must believe them. The magisterium (which is the pope and the bishops in union with him) is the guardian of this teaching.

“Discipline” refers to the exercise of this authority.

  • The Church preserve inner unity here on earth, help her members achieve perfection, and provide a protective framework within which doctrinal teaching can be lived.
  • Discipline includes such things as Canon Law, priestly celibacy, and certain liturgical norms, and does not come directly from the deposit of faith but from the prudential decisions of the magisterium.
  • Disciplines are authoritative and binding in conscience for as long as the magisterium affirms them.

The magisterium cannot change dogma or doctrinal truth which originates from the teachings of our founder, Jesus Christ, e.g., divorce, (Mt 5: 32) or homosexual activity (Rom 1:18-32 and 1 Tm 1:10)

  • Indeed, truth cannot contradict truth. Doctrines and dogmas never proclaim anything “new” about the faith.
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