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What religions say the Hail Mary?

What religions say the Hail Mary?

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What is the meaning of Hail Mary

The Hail Mary, also commonly called the Ave Maria (Latin), is a traditional Catholic prayer asking for the intercession of the Blessed Virgin Mary, the mother of Jesus. In Roman Catholicism, the prayer forms the basis of the Rosary and the Angelus prayers.

Parts of Hail Mary

The Hail Mary is actually two prayers, joined together.

As constructed today some people have asserted that the prayer does not go back any further than the fifteenth century. Although it’s constituent parts are likely much older. I think that this magnificent prayer deserves some reflection.

From another website:

Words are taken from the Gospel of St. Luke and join together the words of the Angel Gabriel at the Annunciation (Luke 1:28) with Elizabeth’s greeting to Mary at the Visitation (Luke 1:42).

Hail: salute, greet or call

To say hail Mary! is to say hello. When the angel Gabriel greeted Mary at the annunciation it was like saying “hello Mary”, likely with great joy. As Father Ambrose points out, the Eastern version of the English translation has Gabriel telling Mary to rejoice instead of merely saying hello. So, was he saying “hello” joyfully? Or was he telling her to rejoice?

I think likely both, he was joyfully proclaiming that Mary was blessed by God, and asking her to rejoice with him, and we do too!

Rejoice! Mary full of Grace, the Lord is with you!
Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb Jesus.

The effects of the Rosary in our Lifes

Mary is blessed, and Jesus is blessed! This becomes our blessing too.

The second half of the Hail Mary prayer was added at sometime during the 16th century.

The second part is a lot like the ejaculatory prayers early Christians were so very fond of, and may have been sung separately at one time. Another such prayer is the Jesus prayer, in its shorter form goes like this: “Jesus Christ, Son of God, have mercy on me a sinner!”

To say Holy Mary is as to say “saint Mary”. Mary is sanctified and deified, she is holy as we are all called to be holy. She is the great example. As we pray for each other, we especially appreciate her prayers for us, this is an appeal to her to keep us in mind and stay by our side.

Holy Mary, mother of God, pray for us sinners…
now and at the hour of our death.

Amen, amen, amen

What Is the difference between purgatory and Hell

What Is the difference between purgatory and Hell

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Main difference

The main difference between Hell and Purgatory is that the Hell is a mythological place of, often eternal, suffering anPurgatory is a intermediate state for souls undergoing purification and destined for Heaven, affirmed to exist by some Christian denominations including the Roman Catholic Church.

Hell

Hell, in many religious and folkloric traditions, is a place or state of torment and punishment in an afterlife. Religions with a linear divine history often depict hells as eternal destinations while religions with a cyclic history often depict a hell as an intermediary period between incarnations.

Typically these traditions locate hell in another dimension or under the Earth’s surface and often include entrances to Hell from the land of the living. Other afterlife destinations include Heaven, Purgatory, Paradise, and Limbo. Other traditions, which do not conceive of the afterlife as a place of punishment or reward, merely describe hell as an abode of the dead, the grave, a neutral place located under the surface of Earth (for example, see Sheol and Hades).

Purgatory

In Roman Catholic theology, purgatory (Latin: Purgatorium, via Anglo-Norman and Old French) is an intermediate state after physical death in which some of those ultimately destined for heaven must first “undergo purification, so as to achieve the holiness necessary to enter the joy of heaven,” holding that “certain offenses can be forgiven in this age, but certain others in the age to come.”

And that entrance into Heaven requires the “remission before God of the temporal punishment due to [venial] sins whose guilt has already been forgiven,” for which indulgences may be given which remove “either part or all of the temporal punishment due to sin,” such as an “unhealthy attachment” to sin.

Only those who die in the state of grace but have not yet fulfilled the temporal punishment due to their sin can be in purgatory. Therefore, no one in purgatory will remain forever in that state nor go to hell. The notion of purgatory is associated particularly with the Latin Rite of the Catholic Church (in the Eastern sui juris churches or rites it is a doctrine, though it is not often called “purgatory”, but the “final purification” or the “final theosis”).

Although denying the existence of purgatory as formulated in Roman Catholic doctrine, the Anglican and Methodist traditions along with Eastern Orthodoxy, affirm the existence of an intermediate state, Hades, and thus pray for the dead, Eastern Orthodox Churches believe in the possibility of a change of situation for the souls of the dead through the prayers of the living and the offering of the Divine Liturgy, and many Orthodox, especially among ascetics, hope and pray for a general apocatastasis.

Judaism also believes in the possibility of after-death purification and may even use the word “purgatory” to present its understanding of the meaning of Gehenna. The word purgatory has come to refer also to a wide range of historical and modern conceptions of postmortem suffering short of everlasting damnation and is used, in a non-specific sense, to mean a condition or state of suffering or torment, especially one that is temporary.

What are the 9 levels of purgatory?

What are the 9 levels of purgatory?

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9 Levels of Purgatory

Purgatorio (“Purgatory” in English) is the second section of the Divine Comedy, which is an epic poem written by the great Italian poet, Dante. It follows after Inferno and tells the story of his climb up Mount Purgatory, accompanied by another Italian poet by the name of Virgil, who serves as his guide. The climb is supposed to teach him lessons about Christian life and God’s love and purify him of his sins before continuing on his journey to God.

First Stage (Stubbornness)

Stubbornness

This stage is at the very base of the mountain and is part of what is known as Ante-Purgatory. In it, the two poets encounter the souls of those who delayed their Christian life because of their stubbornness to obey God’s laws. They are to remain in here for a time period that is thirty times longer than the period which they exhibited stubbornness.

Second Stage (Repentant)

Repent

This is the last part of Ante-Purgatory. In this terrace, they encounter deceased kings who were negligible during their rule, people who never repented while alive, and people who suffered violent deaths but managed to repent at the last minute.

Third Stage (Pride)

Pride

This terrace that the poets enter first is full of those that were prideful during their earthly lives. The walls of the terrace have sculptures with examples of humility, which is the opposite of pride. The prideful never get a chance to see these sculptures, since their backs are arched due to the huge weights they must carry using their backs as their sins get purged.

Fourth Stage (Envy)

Envy

This terrace is filled with the souls of envious penitents. Their earthly lives were spent desiring what made other people happy to the point they would even harm them in order to deprive them of this.  The penitents wear gray cloaks and cannot see where they are going because their eyes have been closed and sewn with iron wire.

Fifth Stage (Wrath)

Wrath

Next, the poets enter the third terrace, which is filled with souls of wrathful penitents.  The wrathful forever wonder in a cloud of black smoke, which is a manifestation of the anger that clouded their mind and blinded them when they were alive.

Sixth Stage (Sloth)

Sloth

The next terrace contains the souls of those who were slothful in their earthly lives.  The wrathful are forever preoccupied with running around the terrace without rest, since they never had zeal (the opposite of sloth) in their earthly lives, especially when it came to acting out of love. All example given in this terrace from the voices is the air are of zeal.

Seventh Stage (Avarice)

Avarice

Their punishment is to lie on the floor, face down, with their hands and feet bound together. The souls are being punished and purged for desiring material goods with extravagance, greed, or ambition.

Eighth Stage (Gluttony)

Gluttony

The next terrace contains the souls of the gluttonous, and the poets witness their painful punishment: they experience excruciating hunger and thirst while there are plenty of trees with fruit around them. The souls experience this because they can never reach the trees. The voices in the trees give examples of temperance, which is the opposite of gluttony.

Ninth Stage (Lust)

Lust

As they continue to climb Mount Purgatory, Dante contemplates how the penitents in the terrace of the Gluttonous can be so thin but yet be souls. In the terrace of the lustful, the penitent souls must run through a great wall of flames. As they run through it, they call out examples of chastity, which is the opposite of lust.

What’s the difference between limbo and purgatory?

What’s the difference between limbo and purgatory?

God's design of purgatory
Purgatory drawings to depicts the state

Key Difference between Limbo and Purgatory

The biggest difference between Limbo and Purgatory is that the former is more a theory and the latter is doctrinal truth.

Limbo has two facets however:

  1. Theological term used to describe the state of the righteous prior to the victory of Christ on the Cross and His Ascension into Heaven. This is also referred to as Abraham’s Bosom.
  2. Theological theory dealing with the souls of children who die in the womb or are stillborn in addition to those who (including children) who die without grievous (personal) sin and/or die without baptism.

Both Limbo and Purgatory have their roots in the Sacred Scripture (see below for a list of Scripture for Purgatory) but only Purgatory is infallibly defined. The theory of Limbo has fallen out of favor with many, if not most theologians, as the Catechism leaves the issue of children dying without baptism to God’s mercy and grace.

“As regards children who have died without Baptism, the Church can only entrust them to the mercy of God, as she does in her funeral rites for them. Indeed, the great mercy of God who desires that all men should be saved, and Jesus’ tenderness toward children which caused him to say: ‘Let the children come to me, do not hinder them,’ allow us to hope that there is a way of salvation for children who have died without Baptism. All the more urgent is the Church’s call not to prevent little children coming to Christ through the gift of holy Baptism.” (CCC 1261)

Purgatory in Scripture:

After Death, a temporary State
1 Pt 1:6-7 brief trial to achieve Christ
Lk 12:59 leave after payment in full

After Death, Purification by Fire
2 Sm 12:13-14 forgiven, then suffering,Ws 3:5-6 God tests by fire, then heaven, Zc 13:8-9 God purifies righteous by fire; A purification of the righteous as by fire
1 Cr 3:13 our works tested by fire
1 Cr 3:15 saved, but only through fire
Co 1:24 extra suffering
1 Pt 1:6-7 faith test (fig. by fire)
Ju 1:23 saved by being snatched from fire

After Death, State of Forgiveness
Mt 12:32 unforgiven in this age or next Forgiven in this world (age) or the next, directly describes a next state wherein forgiveness can be obtained. Sr 7:33-37 The dead in need of grace “restrain not grace from the dead” meaning do not withhold grace (‘aid,’ in context) from the dead.

Why would the dead need grace? Those that have chosen hell are beyond grace. Are those bound for heaven in need of grace? If they must need to be “made perfect” for their past sins, then they do indeed need to be “purged” of their sins and obtain forgiveness.

More than just Heaven and Hell
Mt 12:32 can’t refer to either heaven or hell; There are more “states” of being than just Heaven and Hell
Jn 11:39-44 Lazarus wasn’t in heaven, hell; Where was the soul of Lazarus after he died? He wasn’t in hell, as no one returns from there. He wasn’t in heaven.

  • This is not to say that he was in Purgatory, but simply to point out that one or more states other than heaven and hell exist after death. AA 9:36-41 Tabitha wasn’t in heaven, hell; Tabitha was dead, but was not in Heaven (otherwise, why should she leave?) or Hell (where she could not leave).

    Purifying a people
    Ma 3:3 Purify like gold Refining and beautifying gold (a process that involves fire) as a metaphor for purifying a people in preparation of service to the Lord.
    He 12:5-14 God chastens us into holiness

  • He 12:23 souls in heaven “made perfect” “Spirits,” not living, physical beings but the souls of dead men (“just men” in the KJV), “made perfect.” The process (or state or command) wherein the souls of the dead are “made perfect” is that which Catholics call Purgatory.
    Ja 3:2 we all fall short in many respects
  • Rv 21:27 nothing unclean enters heaven If nothing unclean enters heaven, yet we all fall short in many respects (James 3:2) then some process must occur so that we are “made perfect” so as to enter heaven.
    Chastisement
    Je 30:11 God to chastise … the faithful remnant before they can enter the promised land. Some have held this as an early foreshadowing of the purging of our unclean natures before entering heaven.