Author: Vincent

Will the Church Give Permit To Female Priesthood? Comment

Will the Church Give Permit To Female Priesthood? Comment

Who is a Catholic Priest

A catholic Priest is a male ordained by Bishop according to the Church doctrine. A catholic Priest represent Christ in Person at the altar repeating the sacrifice perform at the cross. He is someone with the power to transformed the wine and the host into the body and blood of Christ at the altar.

Does the Allowance of Female Altar Server at the Altar means Female can  Become Priest?

The Person of Christ can never be a female and such female can only serve at the altar as Servers but not as a priest. However, this is my opinion and I know that is how it  should be. No is my suggestion

Below is the trend of how female  altar servers came to be

1963 The Second Vatican Council launched a far-reaching liturgical reform through its document Sacrosanctum Concilium. Women were not mentioned in detail.

March 1970 The General Instruction on the Roman Missal provided for lay persons of either sex and without canonical limitation on age (although clearly they must be old enough to do the service appropriately) to supply some of the same services as installed rectors and acolytes. These additional roles had been classified in the pre-Code documents as liturgical ministries.

“All the ministries below those proper to the deacon may be perfomed by laymen whether they have been commissioned for any office or not. Those ministries which are performed outside the sanctuary may be entrusted to women if this be judged prudent by the priest in charge of the church.” (Gen. Instr. § 70)

September 1970 The instruction Liturgiae Instaurationes outlined which ‘ministries’ were permitted to women and which were not. Serving at the altar was still forbidden!

The traditional liturgical norms of the Church prohibit women (young girls, married women, religious) from serving the priest at the altar, even in women’s chapels, houses, convents, schools and institutes.”

“In accordance with rules governing this matter, women may:

(a) Proclaim the scripture readings, with the exception of the gospel. Modern technical means should be used so that everyone can easily hear. Episcopal conferences may determine more concretely a suitable place from which women may read the word of God.

(b) Offer the intentions for the Prayer of the faithful.

(c) Lead the congregation’s singing; play the organ and other approved instruments.

(d) Give the explanatory comments to help people’s understanding of the service.

(e) Fulfil certain offices of service to the faithful which in some places are usually entrusted to women, such as receiving the faithful at the doors of the church and directing them to their places, guiding them in processions and collecting their offerings in church.” (§ 7).

1980 Pope John Paul II stipulated in an instruction entitled ‘The Inestimable Gift’ that ‘women are not permitted the functions of an altar server’.

1983 Canon 906 of the revised Code of Church Law came into force in 1983 called for ‘the participation of a believer’ whenever a priest celebrates Mass and thus seemed to remove the ban on women servers implicitly. Canon 230/1 made it clear, however, that the office of acolyte – which covers that of altar servers – may be entrusted to men alone.

“Lay men who possess the age and qualifications determined by decree of the conference of bishops can be installed on a stable basis in the ministries of lector and acolyte in accord with the prescribed liturgical rite; the conferral of these ministries, however, does not confer on these lay men a right to obtain support or remuneration from the Church.” (Canon 230, §1.)

The Law recognized the need of exceptions, however, in special circumstances. Here women too were included.

Canon 230, § 3. “When the necessity of the Church warrants it and when ministers are lacking, lay persons, even if they are not lectors or acolytes, can also supply for certain of their offices, namely, to exercise the ministry of the word, to preside over liturgical prayers, to confer baptism, and to distribute Holy Communion in accord with the prescriptions of law.

“Many local Churches throughout the world have begun to allow girls to function as altar servers. This in spite of repeated attempts by the Roman Congregation for Worship to discourage the practice”

In 1994 the Congregation for Worship capitulated. In a Circular Letter to the Presidents of Episcopal Conferences it stated that the local Bishop may give permission for women and girls to serve at the altar.

“The Diocesan Bishop, in his role as moderator of the liturgical life in the diocese entrusted to his care, has the authority, within the boundaries of the territory entrusted to his care, to permit women to serve at the altar.”

In 2001 the same Congregation, in its instruction ‘Regarding Female Altar Servers’, reiterated that decision but declared at the same time that the local Bishop may also refuse to allow women to serve.

“The authorization [by a local bishop] to allow women servers may not, in any way, exclude men or, in particular, boys from service at the altar, nor require that priests of the diocese must make use of female altar servers, since it will always be very appropriate to follow the noble tradition of having boys serve at the altar

Are Catholic nuns allowed to conduct Mass/Service in the Church?

Are Catholic nuns allowed to conduct Mass/Service in the Church?

Catholic Nuns are not allowed to conduct or celebrate Mass in the Church because they are not Priest. By Priest we mean, their very nature, represent “in Persona Christe”, in the person of Christ”, and therefore MUST be a male. Nuns are not male, therefore cannot be priests, therefore cannot offer Mass.

Service in the Catholic Church are not mass because the consecration words are not said and such can not be regarded as MASS.

“This Catholic Nun or Monk may celebrate  Service or otherwise called Communion Service since any lay faithful can do that.”

Lets theologies this or rather,we want to offer some reasons WHY Lay Sisters (Nun) or Brothers (Monks) can not or will not celebrate Mass are as follows:

  1. Nuns are considered Brides of Christ, which is a stupendous dignity. These women, whether contemplatives or in active ministry, serve the people of God and do great works through the particular charism of their Order.A nun who feels she should have the “right” to offer Mass is like an adulteress to Christ, and is offering the same defiance and pride of Eve. Unfortunately, it seems to be a disease that is spreading among many nuns.
  2. Nuns (and monks) are not ordained clergy, but people who have taken spiritual vows (usually involving things like celibacy, poverty, regular participation in communal prayer and taking Communion, etc.). Only an ordained priest or bishop may celebrate the Mass
  3. Additionally, while some monks may also be ordained as a priest, Roman Catholic nuns cannot be. According to the teachings of the Roman Catholic Church, the Church “has no authority” to ordain women.
  4. Nuns are not allowed to conduct Holy Mass because they are not anointed as a priest in the Catholic Church. Nuns (Lay Sisters) are not ordained to this ministry in the Catholic or the Orthodox churches. They, like Lay Brothers and most monks, are not priests (Fathers) and the doctrine of the church permits only males to receive Holy Orders (ordination).
  5. The whole formation process of a nun (or the male equivalent, a monk) and of a priest are of a different nature. A priest learns the theological background of the sacrifice of the mass, and the biblical chronology of the readings contained in it. This is not to say a priest is any more virtuous, but the mass is not just a play of sorts where one learns lines, but is a miraculous consecration and transubstantiation of the bread and wine into the body and blood of Christ.
  6. Because Mass requires the consecration of the Holy Eucharist and only an ordained priest has the authority to do that. Even an ordained Deacon does not have the required authority so certainly no non-ordained person such as a lay person or a non-ordained member of a religious order like a brother or nun has the authority to preside over a Mass

Though we can’t say we have dealt with the arguments whether Nuns and Monks as the case maybe will be able to celebrate Mass. The Answer for the NOW in the church is NO

The 6 Remarkable Incorruptible Saints

The 6 Remarkable Incorruptible Saints

Incorruptibility is the name given to the situation in which a dead person does not decay after death. The orthodox church consider it essential in considering a person for canonization as a saint, and the Roman Catholic Church consider it as sign of sainthood but not a necessity. Additionally, the Catholic Church believes that a body is not deemed incorruptible if it has undergone an embalming process or other means of preserving the dead, or if it has become stiff, as do all normal corpses, even when the best preservation techniques are used.

The incorruptible bodies of saints are a consoling sign of Christ s victory over death, a confirmation of the dogma of the Resurrection of the Body, a sign that the Saints are still with us in the Mystical Body of Christ, and proof of the truth of the Catholic Faith—for only in the Catholic Church do we find this phenomenon

Incorruptible saints remain completely flexible, as if they were only sleeping. Incorruptible bodies are often said to have the Odour of Sanctity, exuding a sweet aroma. Over the years there have been hundreds of Saints whose bodies have been found to be incorrupt – some many hundreds of years after their death

Top in the List

St Bernadette as she appears today – 129 years after her death.

Saint Bernadette (1844 – 1879) “The Blessed Virgin used me like a broom, and then put me back in my place.”

Bernprof-1SAINT BERNADETTE OF LOURDES

Second in the List

St. Padre Pio

Padre Pio, a humble Capuchin Franciscan priest from San Giovanni Rotondo, Italy , was blessed by God in many wonderful and mysterious ways. The most dramatic was the stigmata. Padre Pio bore the wounds of Christ for fifty years!

To see him resting so peacefully it’s hard to believe that he died 40 years ago. How is this possible for a body to be preserved like this for 40 years.

Padre Pio is a powerful intercessor!!Among his other gifts were perfume, bilocation, prophecy, conversion, reading of souls, and miraculous cures. People are still being cured through his intercession in ways that cannot be explained by medicine or science.

Interesting !!

Third in the List

St. Don Orione

Tomb of Don Orione at the Sancutary of the Madonna della Guardia in Tortona.
He lived from 1872-1940.  His body is fully preserved. HOW !
Interesting !!!

Fourth in the list

Saint Vincent de Paul (1581 – 1660)

Saint Vincent de Paul (1581 – 1660) “Charity is the cement which binds communities to God and persons to one another.”

The Fifth in the List

SAINT CATHERINE LABOURE

St. Catherine Labouré (1806 – 1876) “One must see God in everyone.”

The Sixth in the List

Saint John XXIII (1881 – 1963) “From the saints I must take the substance, not the accidents of their virtues.”

 

Top Six (6) Miracles that Got the Church Talking

Top Six (6) Miracles that Got the Church Talking

The Catholic Church believes miracles are works of God, either directly, or through the prayers and intercessions of a specific saint or saints. There is usually a specific purpose connected to a miracle, e.g. the conversion of a person or persons to the Catholic faith or the construction of a church desired by God.

Below are the six top miracles recorded in the Church history that is still getting the church talking when asked of any. We start with the sixth on the list down to the most captivating one

6. Lourdes 1858

The apparitions of Our Lady of Lourdes began on 11 February 1858, when Bernadette Soubirous, a 14-year old peasant girl from Lourdes admitted, when questioned by her mother, that she had seen a “lady” in the cave of Massabielle, about a mile from the town, while she was gathering firewood with her sister and a friend. Similar appearances of the “lady” took place on seventeen further occasions that year. During one of the apparitions, she was directed by the “lady” to dig near a rock and drink from the spring there – there was a small puddle of mud in the place but as Bernadette dug in to it, a large spring appeared – this is the source of the water in the grotto to which millions of people flock for miraculous cures every year. The Lourdes Medical Bureau have declared 68 cases of inexplicable cures (out of thousands tested). You can read more on the scientific bureau here. [Source]

5. Joseph of Cupertino 1603 – 1663

San Giuseppe Di Copertino 18Th Century Engraving

Joseph of Cupertino is an Italian saint. He was said to have been remarkably unclever, but prone to miraculous levitation, and intense ecstatic visions that left him gaping. In turn, he is recognized as the patron saint of air travelers, aviators, people with a mental handicap, and weak students. He was canonized in 1767. On October 4, 1630, the town of Cupertino held a procession on the feast day of Saint Francis of Assisi. Joseph was assisting in the procession when he suddenly soared into the sky, where he remained hovering over the crowd. When he descended and realized what had happened, he became so embarrassed that he fled to his mother’s house and hid. This was the first of many flights, which soon earned him the nickname “The Flying Saint.” Joseph’s most famous flight allegedly occurred during a papal audience before Pope Urban VIII. When he bent down to kiss the Pope’s feet, he was suddenly filled with reverence for the Pope, and was lifted up into the air. He experienced ecstasies and flights (witnessed by thousands) during his last mass which was on the Feast of the Assumption 1663. Apple Inc.’s headquarters are in the California town of Cupertino, which was named after this saint. A film (the Reluctant Saint) was made about St Joseph – you can see a small clip of it at youtube (warning: it contains some serious over-acting – but has some humor too).

4. Tilma of Juan Diego 1474 – 1548

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Saint Juan Diego Cuauhtlatoatzin was an indigenous Mexican who reported an apparition of the Virgin Mary as Our Lady of Guadalupe in 1531. He had a significant impact on the spread of the Catholic faith within Mexico. According to Juan Diego, he returned home that night to his uncle Juan Bernardino’s house, and discovered him seriously ill. The next morning December 12, Juan Diego decided not to meet with the Lady, but to find a priest who could administer the last rites to his dying uncle. When he tried to skirt around Tepeyac hill, the Lady intercepted him, assured him his uncle would not die, and asked him to climb the hill and gather the flowers he found there. It was December, when normally nothing blooms in the cold. There he found roses from the region of Castille in Spain, former home of bishop Zumárraga. The Lady re-arranged the roses carefully inside the folded tilma that Juan Diego wore and told him not to open it before anyone but the bishop. When Juan Diego unfolded his tilma before the Bishop roses cascaded from his tilma, and an icon of Our Lady of Guadalupe was miraculously impressed on the cloth, bringing the bishop to his knees. The bishop acknowledged the miracle and within two weeks, ordered a shrine to be built where the Virgin Mary had appeared. The original tilma (pictured above) is on display in Guadalupe today and is one of the most frequently visited pilgrimage sites in the world. [

3. Padre Pio (St Pio of Pietrelcina) 1887 – 1968

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Francesco Forgione, later known as Padre Pio, canonized as Saint Pio of Pietrelcina, was an Italian Roman Catholic Capuchin priest who is now venerated as a saint in the Roman Catholic Church. He was given the name Pio when he joined the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin, and was popularly known as Padre Pio after his ordination to the priesthood. He became famous for his stigmata. Based on Padre Pio’s correspondence, even early in his priesthood he experienced less obvious indications of the visible stigmata for which he would later become famous. Though Padre Pio would have preferred to suffer in secret, by early 1919, news about the stigmatic friar began to spread in the secular world. Padre Pio’s wounds were examined by many people, including physicians. People who had started rebuilding their lives after World War I began to see in Padre Pio a symbol of hope. Those close to him attest that he began to manifest several spiritual gifts including the gifts of healing, bilocation, levitation, prophecy, miracles, extraordinary abstinence from both sleep and nourishment (One account states that Padre Agostino recorded one instance in which Padre Pio was able to subsist for at least 20 days at Verafeno on only the Eucharist without any other nourishment), the ability to read hearts, the gift of tongues, the gift of conversions, and the fragrance from his wounds. Rather than using an image, I have used a video clip of St Pio – you can see his hands concealed by fingerless gloves to hide his stigmata. You may also be interested in this clip in which St Pio’s grave and coffin are opened (on March 3, 2008) revealing that his body is incorrupt. His body is now on display in San Giovanni Rotondo. 

2. The Miracle of Lanciano 700 AD

791Px-Eucharistic Miracle Of Lanciano - Rear-Lighted Panel - Front

In the city of Lanciano, Italy, around A.D. 700, a Basilian monk and priest was assigned to celebrate the Eucharistic sacrifice in the Latin Rite in the small Church of St.Legontian. Usually celebrating in the Greek Rite and using leavened bread and having been taught that unleavened bread was invalid matter for the Holy Sacrifice he was disturbed to be constrained to use unleavened bread and had trouble believing that the miracle of transubtantiation would take place with unleavened bread. During the Mass, when he said the words of consecration, he saw the bread change into live flesh and the wine change into live blood, which coagulated into five globules, irregular and differing in shape and size. Various ecclesiastical investigations have been conducted upon the miracle, and the evidence of the miracle remains in Lanciano to this day. In 1970-71, Professors from the University of Siena conducted a scientific investigation into the miracle. They concluded that the flesh and blood are human flesh and blood. The Flesh is a heart complete in its essential structure. The Flesh and the Blood have the same blood type, AB, which is also the same blood type found on the Shroud of Turin and all other Eucharistic Miracles. The Host-Flesh, which is the same size as the large Host used today in the Latin Church, is fibrous and light brown in color, and becomes rose-colored when lighted from the back. The Blood consists of five coagulated globules and has an earthly color resembling the yellow of ochre

  1. The Miracle of the Sun

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The Miracle of the Sun is an alleged miraculous event witnessed by as many as 100,000 people on 13 October 1917 in the Cova da Iria fields near Fátima, Portugal. Those in attendance had assembled to observe what the Portuguese secular newspapers had been ridiculing for months as the absurd claim of three shepherd children that a miracle was going to occur at high-noon in the Cova da Iria on October 13, 1917. According to many witness statements, after a downfall of rain, the dark clouds broke and the sun appeared as an opaque, spinning disk in the sky. It was said to be significantly less bright than normal, and cast multicolored lights across the landscape, the shadows on the landscape, the people, and the surrounding clouds. The sun was then reported to have careened towards the earth in a zigzag pattern, frightening some of those present who thought it meant the end of the world. Some witnesses reported that their previously wet clothes became “suddenly and completely dry.” Estimates of the number of witnesses range from 30,000-40,000 by Avelino de Almeida, writing for the Portuguese newspaper O Século, to 100,000, estimated by Dr. Joseph Garrett, professor of natural sciences at the University of Coimbra, both of whom were present that day. The miracle was attributed by believers to Our Lady of Fátima, an apparition of the Blessed Virgin Mary to three young shepherd children in 1917, as having been predicted by the three children on 13 July, 19 August, and 13 September 1917. The children reported that the Lady had promised them that she would on 13 October reveal her identity to them and provide a miracle “so that all may believe.” The event was officially accepted as a miracle by the Roman Catholic Church on 13 October 1930. In the image above you can see some of the many witnesses photographed during the event.  This article is licensed under the GFDL because it contains extracts from Wikipedia (as cited within the body of the text above).