Author: Vincent

Is the Eucharist a miracle?

Is the Eucharist a miracle?

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Eucharist as a Miracle – A bleeding Host

Date of Eucharistic miracles

 In Christianity, a Eucharistic miracle is any miracle involving the Eucharist.

In general, reported Eucharistic miracles usually consist of unexplainable phenomena such as consecrated Hosts visibly transforming into myocardium tissue. This was being preserved for extremely long stretches of time, surviving being thrown into fire, bleeding, or even sustaining people for decades.

Verification of Eucharistic miracles often depends on the religious branch reporting the supposed miracle, but in the case of the Catholic Church, a special task-force or commission investigates supposed Eucharistic miracles before deciding whether they are “worthy of belief.

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Eucharist Cups and Host

Supposed “Eucharistic miracles” are often pointed to by Roman Catholics as evidence for the “real presence” and/or transubstantiation in the Eucharist. Most of the claimed Eucharistic miracles involved one or both of the elements miraculously being turned into literal blood or literal human flesh. Some of the reputed events are as follows:

Sienna, Italy – August 17, 1730: Consecrated Hosts remain perfectly preserved for over 250 years. Rigorous scientific experiments have not been able to explain this phenomenon.

Amsterdam, Holland – 1345: The Eucharist thrown into fire overnight miraculously is miraculously unscathed.

Blanot, France – March 31, 1331: The Eucharist falls out of a woman’s mouth onto an altar rail cloth. The priest tries to recover the Host but all that remains is a large spot of blood the same size and dimensions as the wafer.

Bolsena-Orvieta, Italy – no date specified: A priest has difficulties believing in the “Real Presence,” and blood begins seeping out of the Host upon consecration. Because of this miracle, Pope Urban IV commissioned the feast of Corpus Christi, which is still celebrated today.

The Roman Catholic Church has connected many so-called miracles to what they call the “Presence” (the actual body of Jesus Christ) in the “Host” (the piece of bread taken as communion). This teaching, called “transubstantiation,” is absolutely not biblical, even though scriptural references are applied—misinterpreted and out of context—to support it.

 

Was Mary a virgin when she gave birth?

Was Mary a virgin when she gave birth?

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The Virginity of Mary

The virgin birth of Jesus is the belief that Jesus was conceived in the womb of his mother Mary. This was through the Holy Spirit without the agency of a human father and born while Mary was still a virgin. The New Testament references are

  • Matthew 1:18-25 and
  • Luke 1:26-38;

it is not expressly mentioned elsewhere in the Christian scriptures. The modern scholarly consensus is that the doctrine of the virgin birth rests on a very slim historical foundation. This is one of the dogma of Mary in the Catholic Church.

How is the Virgin of Mary accepted?

The virgin birth was universally accepted in the Christian church and, except for some minor sects, was not seriously challenged until the 18th century.

New Testament references

The story of Jesus’ miraculous conception by the Holy Spirit is found only in the Gospel of Matthew and the Gospel of Luke.

Matthew

18 Now the birth of Jesus the Messiah took place in this way. When his mother Mary had been engaged to Joseph, but before they lived together, she was found to be with child from the Holy Spirit. 19 Her husband Joseph, being a righteous man and unwilling to expose her to public disgrace, planned to dismiss her quietly. 20 But just when he had resolved to do this, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, “Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary as your wife, for the child conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit. 21 She will bear a son, and you are to name him Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins.” 22 All this took place to fulfill what had been spoken by the Lord through the prophet:

23 “Look, the virgin shall conceive and bear a son,
and they shall name him Emmanuel,”

which means, “God is with us.” 24 When Joseph awoke from sleep, he did as the angel of the Lord commanded him; he took her as his wife, 25 but had no marital relations with her until she had borne a son; and he named him Jesus

Luke

26 In the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent by God to a town in Galilee called Nazareth, 27 to a virgin engaged to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David. The virgin’s name was Mary. 28 And he came to her and said, “Greetings, favored one! The Lord is with you.” 29 But she was much perplexed by his words and pondered what sort of greeting this might be. 30 The angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. 31 And now, you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you will name him Jesus. 32 He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Most High, and the Lord God will give to him the throne of his ancestor David. 33 He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of his kingdom there will be no end.” 34 Mary said to the angel, “How can this be, since I am a virgin?” 35 The angel said to her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; therefore the child to be born will be holy; he will be called Son of God. 36 And now, your relative Elizabeth in her old age has also conceived a son; and this is the sixth month for her who was said to be barren. 37 For nothing will be impossible with God.” 38 Then Mary said, “Here am I, the servant of the Lord; let it be with me according to your word.” Then the angel departed from her.[7]

11 Points Grounds for Annulment

11 Points Grounds for Annulment

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Annulment of Marriage

Annulment of Marriage

Annulment laws vary from state to state. The rules for statutes of limitation are especially complicated because they depend not only on state law, but also on the reason a party asks the court for an annulment. Depending on the circumstances, the appellant may have a very limited period of time to use this option or may have a lifetime, but only if the other spouse does not die.

For example, the timeline for acting on voidable marriages in Colorado is only six months if a partner tricked a spouse into the marriage, but a year if the spouse is impotent. California permits four years in these circumstances, but a person has only two years in Ohio to file for annulment of a voidable marriage. If one spouse was not of sound mind at the time of the marriage, some states permit annulments until one spouse dies.

In most jurisdictions, an annulment requires that at least one of the following reasons exists:

  • Fraud or misrepresentation: One spouse concealed or lied about something that was essential to the marriage, like the ability to have children. Misrepresentation of things like the ability to produce children, not being married to anyone else, marrying just to gain citizenship, and being old enough to consent to marriage all are grounds for an annulment. Immigration is another context that can sometimes give rise to annulment request. A spouse who believes the marriage took place only for immigration purposes may seek an annulment based on fraud, in an effort to get the alien spouse deported.
  • Concealment: If one of the spouses hid a major fact, the other may have grounds for an annulment. This could include a substance abuse problem, a felony conviction, children, impotency, or sexually transmitted diseases.
  • Misunderstanding: Usually, a misunderstanding that constitutes an annulment is based on the desire to have children. This misunderstanding must be substantial to the marriage to constitute grounds for an annulment.
  • Impotency: If one of the spouses is incurably impotent, the other spouse has grounds for an annulment, as long as that spouse was not aware of the impotency before the marriage.
  • Incest: Two people who are too close in familial relation to marry have grounds for an annulment. This could include whole or half siblings, first cousins, parents, grandchildren, aunts, and uncles, for example.
  • Bigamy: One of the spouses was still legally married to someone else at the time of the alleged marriage. Unsuspecting victims of a bigamist are also eligible for an annulment.
  • Underage: One of the spouses is under the age of consent. Most states require that both spouses be at least 18 years old to marry. When minors marry under the age of consent and without parental or court permission, these unions fall into a category all their own in some states. Statutes of limitation often depend on the age of the parties at the time they request an annulment. Although Colorado has a two-year limit for annulment of such a marriage, other states draw the line after the minors reach the age of majority. For example, in California and Ohio, they have two years after reaching the age of 18, although their parents can have their marriage annulled before they turn 18.
  • Unsound mind: One or both of the spouses was too impaired by alcohol or drugs at the time of the wedding (or didnt have the mental capacity for some other reason) to understand what was happening and give consent to the marriage.
  • Force: One of the parties was forced into getting married.
  • Lack of consent: Both parties must have the mental capacity to consent and must consent voluntarily to the marriage. If a party was forced or threatened into the marriage, the marriage can be annulled. One lacks mental capacity to consent to the marriage if they were insane or intoxicated at the time of the marriage.
How long do you have to annul a marriage?

How long do you have to annul a marriage?

How do you get a marriage annulled?